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Access rules

WinGate allows you to create access rules to control the web sites and URLs that WinGate users request.

Each rule you create allows you to set a number of criteria, which will cause the rule to be applied:

  • Category

    When you create a rule, you can define which content categories the rule will apply to. If a URL or web site is classified by a web access control classification system as belonging to a particular category, then that rule will applicable.

    Read more about categories

  • Site

    You can also base the rule around which website is requested by a user. A site is defined as the domain name portion of a URL (the portion of the URL preceding the resource string).

    For example a site could be defined as wingate.com. This site would then include all URLs that contained http://wingate.com (e.g. http://wingate.com/sales.htm, http://wingate.com/example.asp etc.).

    You can also choose whether the rule should check and match on subdomains within the defined site. With the wingate.com example above, this could include matching on subdomains such as help.wingate.com, sales.wingate.com, support.wingate.com etc. that may be requested by a user.

  • Users or Groups

    You can specify which users the rule should apply to. Alternatively, you can simply have the rule apply to everyone. If you do select individual users or groups, then WinGate will force the user to authenticate if they are not known to it when they request a URL or web site applicable to that rule.

  • Location

    You can have a rule match on the IP address (or IP address range) where the client makes the web request from.

  • Schedule

    You can specify time frames during which the rule should be applied, or it can be simply be applied all the time.

Rule results

Each access rule you create can be set to either (re)authenticate (WinGate 8 only), allow, or deny access to the requested URL or web page. In the case where a rule denies access, you can create a default response page that will be returned to the clients browser informing them of why their request has been blocked.

In WinGate 8 the (re)authenticate rule result will force the user to authenticate and once successful, will run the rules again over their original request.

Access rules panel

The Access rules panel, located at Web Access Control > Access rules in the WinGate Management console provides a place where you can create, edit, and delete access rules.

Each column indicates the categories, users, and schedule conditions that will have to matched by a requested URL or web site for the rule to be applied.

Read more about creating access rules

Rule ordering

Whenever a URL or web site is requested by a user, WinGate will scan the list of rules for a match of its category classification, the user who requested it, and the schedule. As soon as a match is found, WinGate will apply that rule and stop checking other rules that follow in the list, even if they pertain to the same criteria (i.e. category, user, schedule).

You can order the access rules by selecting the Move rule up or Move rule down options from the Tasks menu.

Default rule

The Default rule is created to allow users to access URLs and web sites after WinGate has been installed when no other rules have been created. It cannot be deleted.

If a requested URL or web site does not match any listed rule you have created, then the default rule will be applied. As such, the Default Rule will always sit at the bottom of the current list of access rules (and cannot be ordered).

This rule can be edited if required, but is should be noted that this rule is not category, user, or schedule specific. The only option available to be changed is the Default rule result (Allow access or Deny access).

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